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Learning Outcomes – Participants will:

1. Appreciate the advantages of ripping
2. Understand the how to detect hard pans
3. Acquire skills necessary for ripping fields using an ox-drawn ripper
4. Know the proper timing and method of ripping for different conditions

Pre-Requisites: For participants to benefit fully from this class they should have covered the following lessons:

1. “Situation Assessment: Why CA?”
2. This module may be used to replace the module on “Minimizing Tillage with Planting Basins,” or it may be used in Year 2 of a training curriculum after participants have used hoe-based methods in Year 1.