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Presented By: Apollinaire_Masuguru

Event: ECHO East Africa Highlands Symposium 2014 (2014-10-27)

Caracteristics of the Burundian agricultural sector

• The agricultural sector is the engine of the national economy

• But it is essentially a subsistence farming.

• Agriculture is practiced in a rudimentary way by about 1.5 million rural households (90% of households) on very small farms whose average size is about 0.5 ha.

• Population pressure on land increases land problems which, in return, worsens the level of productivity and environmental degradation.

• The coexistence of customary law and the written law does not fail to bring about permanent conflicts among rural populations. These conflicts have a negative impact on agricultural production

• Adequate land legislation is in the process of approval.

• Repatriation and reintegration also increase among others, the problem of access to land.

• Burundi's agriculture depends almost entirely on rainfall.

• Despite its important position in the economy (contribution to the GDP and % of farmer population), agricultural productivity is very low comparing it with other African countries.

• The vulnerability of rural populations is increasing and poverty is accelerating, too.

• In a context of chronic malnutrition with a high prevalence of stunting of more than 50% for children under 5 years;

• Women play a central role in the food sovereignty of households and communities, but the majority remain largely marginalized and dependent. Burundian women representing 51.7% of the total population and 85% are farmers