Awesome stuff from our Haitian Network:
Becoming a Crop Champion - Penny Rambacher, R.D.
- In 2017, 45% of the global population (3.4 billion people) used a safely managed sanitation service.
- 31% of the global population (2.4 billion people) used private sanitation facilities connected to sewers from which wastewater was treated.
- 14% of the global population (1.0 billion people) used toilets or latrines where excreta were disposed of in situ.
- 74% of the world’s population (5.5 billion people) used at least a basic sanitation service.
- 2.0 billion people still do not have basic sanitation facilities such as toilets or latrines.
- Of these, 673 million still defecate in the open, for example in street gutters, behind bushes or into open bodies of water.
- At least 10% of the world’s population is thought to consume food irrigated by wastewater.
- Cropland in peri-urban areas irrigated by mostly untreated urban wastewater is estimated to be approximately 36 million hectares (equivalent to the size of Germany)
- Poor sanitation is linked to transmission of diseases such as cholera, diarrhoea, dysentery, hepatitis A, typhoid and polio and exacerbates stunting.
- Poor sanitation reduces human well-being, social and economic development due to impacts such as anxiety, risk of sexual assault, and lost educational opportunities.
- Inadequate sanitation is estimated to cause 432 000 diarrhoeal deaths annually and is a major factor in several neglected tropical diseases, including intestinal worms, schistosomiasis, and trachoma. Poor sanitation also contributes to malnutrition.
Sanitation and Human Health Resources
This is a list of resources that speak especially to issues of sanitation and human health.
FAO : Composting is the natural process of 'rotting' or decomposition of organic matter by microorganisms under controlled conditions. Raw organic materials such as crop residues, animal wastes, food garbage, some municipal wastes and suitable industrial wastes, enhance their suitability for application to the soil as a fertilizing resource, after having undergone composting. Compost is a rich source of organic matter. Soil organic matter plays an important role in sustaining soil fertility, and hence in sustainable agricultural production. In addition to being a source of plant...
SludgeHammer - Waste water rapid bio-remediation
Greywater Action - Composting Toilets
Do Sewage Pathogens & Contaminants Appear in Fruits and Vegetables Grown Near Septic Drainfields?
Innovative Sludge Management Techniques for Developing Nations
Abstract, International Journal of Waste Resources, 2018 In municipal centers of developing nations, most households are served by means of on-site public health systems like septic tanks as well unsewered toilets, besides the faecal sludges gathered from these methods are usually discarded...
Human urine as fertilizer - video
To decommission a pit
Sustainable Sanitation for All - Experiences, challenges and innovations - Petra Bongartz, Naomi Vernon, John Fox
Great strides have been made in improving sanitation in many developing countries. Yet, 2.4 billion people worldwide still lack access to adequate sanitation facilities and the poorest and most vulnerable members of society are often not reached and their specific needs are not met. Moreover,...
Characterization of urea hydrolysis in fresh human urine and inhibition by chemical addition
Liquid Gold The Lore and Logic of Using Urine to Grow Plants - Carol Steinfeld
Talking Crap: Exploring Ecological Sanitation for a Sustainable World - Dan Newns
The humanure handbook: a guide to composting human manure - Joseph C. Jenkins
TN #47 Composting Toilets
Vetiver Latrine Guide
Vietnam Vetiver Network
Reinventing the toilet
The biochar-urine connection - Sanitation, nutrient recovery, and carbon sink - Dr. Barry Gutwein
Design Examples Of Waterless Composting Toilets
Some Thoughts on Sanitation and the Environment ”The Western type of toilet system cannot solve the problem of getting rid of excreta in Third World countries. Nor, indeed, has it solved those problems in the developed world. The Western system is expensive. It uses large amounts of clean...
Composting Toilet Construction Manual
Composting toilet (CT) technology is not new to Vanuatu. Before independence, some of the rural schools on Ambae and North Efate, like Onesua, were using these toilets. The CT design in this manual was adapted from a toilet used in Tonga, Kiribati and Fiji. There are many advantages CTs have over...
A Guide to Composting Human Waste - Joseph C. Jenkins
We do not recycle waste. It’s a common misuse of semantics to say that waste is, can be, or should be recycled. Resource materials are recycled, but waste is never recycled. That’s why it’s called “waste.” Waste is any material with no inherent value that is discarded and has no further use. We...
Faecal Sludge and Septage Treatment - Kevin Tayler
Sustainable Organic Integrated Livelihoods (SOIL)
BORDA (Bremen Overseas Research and Development Association)
BORDA Southeast Asia
BORDA The Americas
BORDA South Asia
Sanitation - WHO
Waste Mismanagement in Developing Countries: A Review of Global Issues