Pharmacognostical Evaluation of the Fruit of Plaksha - Ficus lacor Buch. Ham.
Abstract, Global Journal of Research on Medicinal Plants and Indigenous Medicine, 2014
Ficus lacor Buch. Ham. of the family Moraceae is a large glabrous tree, found throughout India. It is well known for curing a variety of ailments such as gastric ulcer, Wound, dysentery, fever, leucorrhoea and diarrhea. The present study was undertaken to evaluate the Pharmacognostical and Phytochemical parameters of fruits of F. lacor. Macroscopically the fruit is green in color, depressed and globose shaped, 1.2–4 cm in diameter and found astringent in taste. The results of microscopical studies showed the presence of epidermis, lignified stone cells, collenchymatous tissue, etc. Powder microscopy showed the presence of single or groups of lignified stone cells, collenchymatous cells and lignified unicellular trichomes. The results of physiochemical parameters showed total ash 6.6% w/w, water soluble ash 3.7% w/w, acid insoluble ash 0.4%w/w, Methanol soluble extractive 13.8% w/w, chloroform extractive 11.9% w/w, water soluble extractive 35% w/w. The qualitative evaluation of different extracts indicated the presence of carbohydrates, phenolic, triterpenoids, protein and free amino acids compounds. Quantitative estimation by Spectrophotometry showed total phenolic 19.4 mg/g (in gallic acid equivalent) and flavonoids 9.2 mg/g (in catechin equivalent). The results from the present study reveal the standard monograph of the plants which will be essential tools for the identification and authentication of F. lacor from other closely related species of Ficus.
KEYWORDS: Plaksha, Ficus lacor, pharmacognosy, phenolic, flavonoids