Plants: Vegetable Legumes
Adzuki Bean Vigna angularis (Willd.) Ohwi & Ohashi
Adzuki-bean has a 2,000-year history of cultivation in eastern Asia. The chief countries of adzuki-bean production are China, Japan, Taiwan, and South Korea. Its origin from a wild species is unknown but its center of origin has been proposed as within eastern Asia, quite possibly in China....
Asparagus Bean/Yard Long Bean Vigna unguiculata subsp. sesquipedalis (syn. Vigna sinensis subsp. sesquipedalis)
Asparagus Beans/Yard Long Beans probably originated in southern China.
Chickpea Cicer arietinum
Chickpea’s origin is possibly western Asian, specifically southeast Turkey.
Common Bean Pole Phaseolus vulgaris (pole type)
Bean Pole is a common bean, like the bush bean but with different growth habits. The two originated in the Andes region with probable introgressions from Central America. Radio carbon dating identifies the species as being 7,000 years old.
Cowpea Vigna unguiculata subsp. unguiculata
A wild pea that is very similar to this cultivated variety is native to central Africa and is now grown around the world where temperatures are moderate.
Grain Soybean Glycine max
Grain Soybean cultivation probably originated in northeastern China, a region where wild soybeans exist. This crop produces more protein and oil per unit of land than most other known crops.
Hopi Red Lima Phaseolus lunatus
The Hopi Red Lima is believed to have originated in Mexico and south-western areas of the United States. ECHO seeds originally came from dry-land regions of Kenya.
Jack Bean Canavalia ensiformis
Jack Bean is native to the West Indies and Central America. It closely resembles Sword Bean, Canavalia gladiata, and the predominantly African wild species, Canavalia virosa. Jack Bean now is widely distributed in the tropics and subtropics although it is regarded as a minor vegetable rather than...
Lablab Lablab purpureus (syn. Dolichos lablab, Lablab niger)
Lablab Bean is capable of growing in a wide range of climatic conditions and soil types, depending upon the variety chosen. It is widely cultivated throughout the tropics and subtropics and occurs wild in tropical Africa (including Madagascar) and India. The palatability of lablab surpasses that...
Lima Bean Phaseolus lunatus
Lima Beans were first grown in coastal Peru then Central America at altitudes of up to 2000 m (6500 ft). When boxes of Lima Beans were shipped to the U.S. and Europe from the large port of Lima, they were labeled “Limas – Peru” and the name Lima became common for this legume.