Plants: Squash And Gourds And Pumpkins
Angled Luffa Luffa acutangula
Angled Luffa, and its sister species, Smooth Luffa, probably originated in India. Both species now are widely distributed in the tropics. The young fruits are edible raw or cooked. Although both species produce a fibrous skeleton in the mature fruit, Smooth Luffa is the preferred species...
Bitter Gourd Momordica charantia
Momordica comprises about 40 species, the majority of which are African. The fruits of several wild species are consumed as a vegetable, whereas several others are used in traditional medicine. Bitter Gourd is one of the most popular vegetables in Southeast Asia and China. It was first found...
Bottle Gourd Lagenaria siceraria
The Bottle Gourd (known also as Bushel Gourd) was probably native to Africa but because of its ability to float in saltwater without losing viability, it is now found in most countries. Archaeological studies in Peru have found remains of this gourd from 10,000 B.C.
Buffalo Gourd Cucurbita foetidissima
The buffalo gourd is native to Southwestern North America
Italian Edible Gourd/Cucuzzi Lagenaria siceraria
This Italian Edible Gourd, long cultivated in Italy, is believed to have its origin in India. The parent species, the Bottle Gourd, Lagenaria siceraria, is believed to have its origin in Africa.
Seminole Pumpkin Cucurbita moschata
The Seminole Pumpkin is native to South Florida, USA, where it grew wild and was cultivated by Florida aborigines and later by Miccosukees, Muskogees, and early European settlers. Naturalists record the conspicuous presence of Seminole Pumpkin fruits hanging from tree limbs during their travels...
Smooth Luffa Luffa cylindrica
Smooth Luffa or Sponge Gourd and its sister species, Angled Luffa, originated in India. Both species now are distributed widely in the tropics. It is a 30-60 cm (1-2 ft) long, cylindrical, smooth skinned gourd. The interior contains white flesh as well as a fibrous structure that is dried and...
Snake Gourd Trichosanthes cucumerina (syn. T. anguina)
It is generally believed that Snake Gourd was domesticated in India from the wild species still found in India and other parts of Southeast Asia and portions of Australia. Most gourd specialists agree that Trichosanthes cucumerina and T. anguina are the same species. One authority recommends that...
Summer Squash Cucurbita pepo
Colombia and Mexico are believed to be the countries of origin. Summer Squashes are distinctive from all other squashes because they are eaten when they are immature. They grow on either vines or bushes with large leaves that are hairy underneath. They have smooth, edible skin, flesh that varies...
Tahitian Butternut Cucurbita moschata
This winter squash has been cultivated in tropical and subtropical areas of the Americas since Pre-Colombian times. Evidence of its use has been found in archeological diggings. It is a very old variety not often available through seed companies.