Plants: Agroforestry Trees (Non Legumes)
African Mahogany Khaya nyasica syn. K. anthotheca
This evergreen or semi-deciduous forest tree is native to Malawi (formerly Nyasaland), Mozambique, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia and Democratic Republic of Congo and now is grown in various other African countries. It is a fast growing tree and can grow to be a large tree, 45-60 m (75-100 ft) with a...
African Moringa Tree Moringa stenopetala
Moringa stenopetala is often referred to as the African Moringa Tree because it is native only to Ethiopia and northern Kenya. Though it does grow in many other parts of the old- and new-world tropics, it is not as widely known as its close relative, Moringa oleifera. All parts of the tree except...
Buffalo Thorn Ziziphus abyssinica
This Ziziphus species is indigenous to Malawi, Kenya, Mozambique and South Africa. It is found growing wild in Ethiopia, Zimbabwe and other east African countries. It is a thorny shrub or small tree, 7-12 m (25-40 ft) with rough, grey-brown bark that is used for making a dye and has leaves that...
Cassia Senna spectabilis (Cassia spectabilis)
Central and northern South America are areas where Cassia is called a native though it has been introduced to Africa primarily as an ornamental, shade tree. This is a short tree, with a growth range of 7-10 m (23-32 ft) and a trunk diameter of 30 cm (12 in). Greater than its ornamental value is...
Gumbo Limbo Bursera simaruba
Gumbo Limbo is a very hardy, fast growing tree native to the West Indies and Central America. At maturity it reaches 30 m (100 ft). It is tolerant to long periods of drought and is easily propagated.
Jatropha Jatropha curcas
This drought-tolerant shrub or small tree (up to 6 m/20 ft) originating in Meso America is now cultivated pantropically. It grows under 300-1000 mm annual rainfall and tolerates low soil fertility. The semi-succulent, palmate leaves are deciduous in dry season.
Monkey Bread Piliostigma thonningii (Bauhinia thonningii)
Indigenous to Kenya, this shrub/small tree now grows all over sub-humid Africa in open woodlands, most often near the coast or large lakes.
Moringa Moringa oleifera
The Moringa tree, known also as the Horseradish Tree, is native to northwestern India. Moringa is widely grown, however, in other parts of the old- and new-world tropics, including tropical Asia, many regions of Africa, Indonesia, and South and Central America.
Neem Azadirachta indica
The Neem tree is native to arid regions of Burma and India. It has been introduced to other arid tropical regions in Africa, Asia, and the New World. Trees will reach up to 30 m tall with limbs reach-ing half as wide.
Red Gum Eucalyptus Eucalyptus camaldulensis
This fast growing tree, originally from Australia, is used for firewood, wind-breaks, erosion control and reforestation. Red Gum Eucalyptus is a massive tree that grows to 24 m-40 m (80 ft-120 ft) and a diameter of 2 m (78 in). The wood is durable, easy to saw and resistant to termites. The tree...