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  1. Key Resource Small-scale farming is a surprisingly complex enterprise with multiple areas of risk that also present opportunities for impact. -- David Erickson, CEO, ECHO "Small farmers produce much of the developing world's food. Yet they are generally much poorer than the rest of the population in these...  
  2. Key Resource
    Scientific Animations Without Borders (SAWBO) is a university based program. SAWBO transforms extension information on relevant topics such as agriculture, disease and women's empowerment, into 2D, 2.5D and 3D animations, which are then voice overlaid into a diversity of languages from around the...  
  3. There is often a critical gap between knowing what could be helpful and then making that information known so that it can be put into practice. Filling that gap is the specialty of an organization called Modernizing Extension and Advisory Services (MEAS;www.meas-extension.org/). MEAS has produced...
     
  4. Industrial crops provide oils, fiber, or chemicals from leaves, seeds, bark, or roots for income or on-farm use. Plants in our collection are used for edible oil, confection, forage, fiber, fuel oil, or as a pesticide.
     
  5. Cereal cropsare interchangeably calledgrain crops. In many publications and correspondence, they are simply called grains or cereals. As of 2012, the top 5 cereals in the world ranked on the basis of production tonnage are maize (corn), rice (paddy), wheat, barley and sorghum. These crops are...
     
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  8. Herbs are herbaceous plants used to flavor foods and for home remedies. It is best to seed or transplant herbs during cooler months in the tropics. Flowers, as well as being pleasing ornamentals, serve to attract pollinators and beneficial insects. Flowers are also used as companion plants, to...
     
  9. Biochar is the carbonaceous solid product of biomass pyrolysis which can be used as chemical feedstock for various purposes such as energy production, and adsorption of pollutants. In particular, application of biochar to the soil is gaining greater interests, which can reduce fertilizer...
     
  10. Underutilizedcropsare often indigenous ancientcropspecies which are still used at some level within the local, national or even international communities, but have the potential to contribute further to the mix of food sources than they currently do. ECHO's Tech Notes on Underutilized Crops