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Bambara Groundnut Vigna subterranea
Bambara bean, Earth peaVigna subterranea is an annual, herbaceous, nitrogen-fixing legume of particular importance throughout semi-arid Africa. Leaves are trifoliate and are borne along creeping stems that extend along the ground surface. Flowers are yellow and butterfly-shaped, similar to other legumes. Upon...
Wild Mung Bean Vigna vexillata
Wild Mung Bean, Zombie Pea, Wild CowpeaWild mung bean is a perennial, vining, nitrogen-fixing plant with edible beans and tubers. This plant is rarely cultivated but rather pods and tubers are collected from wild plants. It has potential for human food, as well as a green manure or cover crop.
Moth Bean Vigna aconitifolia
Moth Bean, Mat Bean, Mother BeanMoth bean is a low-growing, nitrogen-fixing, annual plant that forms a mat on the ground. It is drought tolerant, nutritious and can be eaten fresh or as a dried bean. Moth bean can also be used as a cover crop to suppress weeds and improve soil.
Black Gram Bean Vigna mungo
Urd, Urd Bean, Black GramBlack gram is an erect, up to 1 m in height, nitrogen-fixing, drought tolerant, annual plant grown for the dry beans. The bean is used whole, split, husked, fermented, sprouted or ground into flour which when combined with rice flour is especially valued for baking. Black gram is also used as a...
Bitter Gourd Momordica charantia
Bitter Gourd, African Cucumber, Bitter Melon, Karalla, Balsam Pear, Alligator PearMomordica comprises about 40 species, the majority of which are African. The fruits of several wild species are consumed as a vegetable, whereas several others are used in traditional medicine. Bitter Gourd is one of the most popular vegetables in Southeast Asia and China. It was first found...
Adzuki Bean Vigna angularis
Adzuki Bean, Azuki BeanAdzuki bean is a bushy or vining, nitrogen-fixing, annual plant that is moderately drought tolerant. This bean grows best in temperate climates or higher altitudes in the tropics. The young pods, fresh seeds and dry beans are used for human consumption.
Gac Momordica cochinchinensis
Gac, Spiny Bitter Cucumber, Sweet Gourd, Giant Spine Gourd, Cochinchin GourdGac is a woody, perennial plant with vining stems reaching 6 m or more in length. Growing from tuberous roots, the vines are often seen climbing on fences or into the tops of trees. Its large (10-15 cm wide), dark green leaves have three to five lobes. Gac is dioecious, meaning that some plants...
Rice Bean Vigna umbellata
Rice Bean, Climbing Mountain Bean, Mambi Bean, Oriental Bean, red beanVigna umbellata is a nitrogen-fixing, perennial legume, often grown as an annual. Depending on variety, V. umbellata presents as vining, bush, or semi-erect forms, reaching heights of 30-200 cm. Leaves are trifoliate and bright, yellow flowers are produced in groups of 5-20 per raceme, giving way...
Cowpea Vigna unguiculata subsp. unguiculata
Cowpea, Black Eyed Pea, CrowderVigna unquiculata is a grain legume that originates in Africa. Attributes such as vine shape (climbing, prostrate, or semi-erect), seed color (shades of white, pink, brown, and black) and seed maturation time (60 to 240 days) vary with variety. Pods appear in V-shaped pairs.
Yard Long Bean Vigna unguiculata subsp. sesquipedalis
Asparagus Bean, Yard Long Bean, Snake Bean, Dow GaukYardlong beans are an annual, vining or bushy, subspecies of Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata) that produce elongated pods up to 1 m long. Green pods and seeds are eaten as a fresh vegetable and the plants are also used as fodder, green manure, or cover crop.