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Ornamental Amaranth Amaranthus caudatus
Foxtail Amaranth, Inca wheat, love-lies-bleedingAmaranthus caudatus is a cultivated herbaceous crop originating from South America. Reaching 1.5-2.5 m in height, its simple leaves occur in spiral arrangement along the stem. Inflourescences are large (as long as 1.5 m) and showy, with small, red or green flowers. Small, oval-shaped seeds...
Indian Jujube Ziziphus mauritiana
Indian Jujube, Chinese Date, Chinese Apple, Ber, Dessert AppleIndian jujube can be a bushy shrub or a tree, drought tolerant, with or without thorns, up to 12 m in height. The ripe fruits are typically 1 cm in diameter; selected varieties may have fruits up to 6 cm long and 4 cm wide, and are usually consumed raw.
Buffalo Thorn Ziziphus abyssinica
Buffalo Thorn, Jujube, Catch Thorn, KankhandeBuffalo thorn is a thorny, bushy shrub or small tree of semi-arid climates, growing to 12 m in height. It is used for its edible fruit and livestock browsing. The tree is good bee forage, and makes good firewood, charcoal, fence posts and furniture. Because of its thorns and tangled branches, the...
Chinese Jujube Ziziphus jujuba
Chinese Jujube, Texas Olive, Chinese Date PlumChinese jujube is a large shrub or small, somewhat thorny tree to 15 m in height. The fruit is oval, up to 3 cm in diameter and usually consumed fresh. Chinese jujube is adapted to more temperate climates than the Indian jujube (Z. mauritiana).
Gac Momordica cochinchinensis
Gac, Spiny Bitter Cucumber, Sweet Gourd, Giant Spine Gourd, Cochinchin GourdGac is a woody, perennial plant with vining stems reaching 6 m or more in length. Growing from tuberous roots, the vines are often seen climbing on fences or into the tops of trees. Its large (10-15 cm wide), dark green leaves have three to five lobes. Gac is dioecious, meaning that some plants...
Grain Sorghum Sorghum bicolor
Grain Sorghum, Milo, Guinea Corn, Shattercane, Durra, Karrir Corn, BroomcornSorghum is an annual plant in the grass family up to 5 m in height. Grain sorghum is a staple in many hot, dry areas and ranks 5th worldwide among cereal grains. Depending on the variety, sorghum is grown for grain, forage, fuel, fiber, syrup and sugar. Cleaned grain can be cooked like rice or...
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Bitter Gourd Momordica charantia
Bitter Gourd, African Cucumber, Bitter Melon, Karalla, Balsam Pear, Alligator PearMomordica comprises about 40 species, the majority of which are African. The fruits of several wild species are consumed as a vegetable, whereas several others are used in traditional medicine. Bitter Gourd is one of the most popular vegetables in Southeast Asia and China. It was first found...
Sweet Sorghum Sorghum bicolor
Sweet Sorghum, Sugar Sorghum, Sorgo, CaneSweet sorghum is an annual plant in the grass family up to 5 m in height. This variety of sorghum is distinguished by the sweet juice contained in the soft pith of the stalk and is mainly grown for syrup and sugar. It may also be planted for forage or silage.
Grain Amaranth Amaranthus cruentus, A. hypochondriacus
Grain Amaranth, Kiwicha, BledoGrain amaranths are annual plants and include several species of Amaranthus grown specifically for the seeds which are usually lighter colored than vegetable amaranth varieties. The cultivation of grain amaranths as food plants is traceable to ancient Aztec civilizations of Mexico. The grain...
Vegetable Amaranth Amaranthus tricolor, A. viridis
Vegetable Amaranth, Brède De Malabar, Amarante Tricolor, slender amaranth, green amaranthAmaranthus spp. is an annual, erect herb (up to 1 m tall) grown for its edible leaves Leaves grow up to 8 cm in length and are present in an alternate arrangement along the stem. Small flowers are borne on slender spikes within inflorescences up to 12 cm long. Fruit are small, compressed,...