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Watermelon Citrullus lanatus
WatermelonWatermelon is a spreading vine producing large, fleshy fruit. Although all parts of the fruit are edible it is mainly grown for the juicy flesh which is typically red but can be yellow or pink. There are both seeded and seedless varieties.
Ornamental Amaranth Amaranthus caudatus
Foxtail Amaranth, Inca wheat, love-lies-bleedingAmaranthus caudatus is a cultivated herbaceous crop originating from South America. Reaching 1.5-2.5 m in height, its simple leaves occur in spiral arrangement along the stem. Inflourescences are large (as long as 1.5 m) and showy, with small, red or green flowers. Small, oval-shaped seeds...
Egusi Melon Citrullus lanatus
Egusi Melon, Ibara, Wild WatermelonEgusi melon is a fast-spreading creeping vine. The taxonomy is not clear but the ECHO seed comes from what is probably a variety or sub-species of watermelon. The white, bitter fruits are inedible; instead it is grown for the seeds which contain 50% oil and 30% protein and can be ground into a...
Gac Momordica cochinchinensis
Gac, Spiny Bitter Cucumber, Sweet Gourd, Giant Spine Gourd, Cochinchin GourdGac is a woody, perennial plant with vining stems reaching 6 m or more in length. Growing from tuberous roots, the vines are often seen climbing on fences or into the tops of trees. Its large (10-15 cm wide), dark green leaves have three to five lobes. Gac is dioecious, meaning that some plants...
Bitter Gourd Momordica charantia
Bitter Gourd, African Cucumber, Bitter Melon, Karalla, Balsam Pear, Alligator PearMomordica comprises about 40 species, the majority of which are African. The fruits of several wild species are consumed as a vegetable, whereas several others are used in traditional medicine. Bitter Gourd is one of the most popular vegetables in Southeast Asia and China. It was first found...
Grain Amaranth Amaranthus cruentus, A. hypochondriacus
Grain Amaranth, Kiwicha, BledoGrain amaranths are annual plants and include several species of Amaranthus grown specifically for the seeds which are usually lighter colored than vegetable amaranth varieties. The cultivation of grain amaranths as food plants is traceable to ancient Aztec civilizations of Mexico. The grain...
Vegetable Amaranth Amaranthus tricolor, A. viridis
Vegetable Amaranth, Brède De Malabar, Amarante Tricolor, slender amaranth, green amaranthAmaranthus spp. is an annual, erect herb (up to 1 m tall) grown for its edible leaves Leaves grow up to 8 cm in length and are present in an alternate arrangement along the stem. Small flowers are borne on slender spikes within inflorescences up to 12 cm long. Fruit are small, compressed,...