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Sweet Pepper Capsicum annuum
Sweet PepperThere are several different species of Capsicum. The common capsicum, Capsicum annuum is divided into groups depending on the shape of the fruit; cherry peppers, cone peppers, red cone peppers, sweet bell peppers, and chili and cayenne peppers. Common capsicum pepper varieties can be pungent...
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Ornamental Amaranth Amaranthus caudatus
Foxtail Amaranth, Inca wheat, love-lies-bleedingAmaranthus caudatus is a cultivated herbaceous crop originating from South America. Reaching 1.5-2.5 m in height, its simple leaves occur in spiral arrangement along the stem. Inflourescences are large (as long as 1.5 m) and showy, with small, red or green flowers. Small, oval-shaped seeds...
Jalapeño Pepper Capsicum annuum var. annuum 'Jalapeño'
Jalapeño Pepper, JalapenoPeppers are recorded as cultivated in Bolivia and Meso-America ca. 16th century. Christopher Columbus recorded the use of “a vegetable called agi …employed to give a sharp taste to the fish and such birds as they can catch…” (ca.1494). Jalapeño is a medium-hot pepper originating in the region of...
Gac Momordica cochinchinensis
Gac, Spiny Bitter Cucumber, Sweet Gourd, Giant Spine Gourd, Cochinchin GourdGac is a woody, perennial plant with vining stems reaching 6 m or more in length. Growing from tuberous roots, the vines are often seen climbing on fences or into the tops of trees. Its large (10-15 cm wide), dark green leaves have three to five lobes. Gac is dioecious, meaning that some plants...
Grain Amaranth Amaranthus cruentus, A. hypochondriacus
Grain Amaranth, Kiwicha, BledoGrain amaranths are annual plants and include several species of Amaranthus grown specifically for the seeds which are usually lighter colored than vegetable amaranth varieties. The cultivation of grain amaranths as food plants is traceable to ancient Aztec civilizations of Mexico. The grain...
Vegetable Amaranth Amaranthus tricolor, A. viridis
Vegetable Amaranth, Brède De Malabar, Amarante Tricolor, slender amaranth, green amaranthAmaranthus spp. is an annual, erect herb (up to 1 m tall) grown for its edible leaves Leaves grow up to 8 cm in length and are present in an alternate arrangement along the stem. Small flowers are borne on slender spikes within inflorescences up to 12 cm long. Fruit are small, compressed,...
Hot Bush Pepper Capsicum frutescens
Tobasco Pepper, Bird PepperCapsicum frutescens peppers are much more pungent than the C. annuum species and produce fruits that are erect and usually appear just above the foliage. Peppers include tabasco, bird peppers, and other chili peppers. Varieties of this species have also been selected for their ornamental...
Habanero Pepper Capsicum chinense
Habanero Pepper, Bonnet Pepper, Datil Pepper, Squash PepperCapsicum chinense or bonnet peppers are typically very hot including the hottest peppers in the world according to the Scoville scale. These include the habanero, ghost peppers, and bonnet peppers. ECHO also has a unique “Sweet” Habanero that produces peppers that are not hot, although...
Bitter Gourd Momordica charantia
Bitter Gourd, African Cucumber, Bitter Melon, Karalla, Balsam Pear, Alligator PearMomordica comprises about 40 species, the majority of which are African. The fruits of several wild species are consumed as a vegetable, whereas several others are used in traditional medicine. Bitter Gourd is one of the most popular vegetables in Southeast Asia and China. It was first found...