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Sweet Pepper Capsicum annuum
Sweet PepperThere are several different species of Capsicum. The common capsicum, Capsicum annuum is divided into groups depending on the shape of the fruit; cherry peppers, cone peppers, red cone peppers, sweet bell peppers, and chili and cayenne peppers. Common capsicum pepper varieties can be pungent...
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Angled Luffa Luffa acutangula
Angled Luffa, Ridged Loofah, Chinese OkraLuffas are vining annual plants that produce fruits for food and the luffa sponge. The young fruits of Angled Luffa are edible raw or cooked. Although two species produce a fibrous skeleton in the mature fruit, Smooth Luffa (Luffa cylindrica) is the preferred species for the luffa sponge. This...
Jalapeño Pepper Capsicum annuum var. annuum 'Jalapeño'
Jalapeño Pepper, JalapenoPeppers are recorded as cultivated in Bolivia and Meso-America ca. 16th century. Christopher Columbus recorded the use of “a vegetable called agi …employed to give a sharp taste to the fish and such birds as they can catch…” (ca.1494). Jalapeño is a medium-hot pepper originating in the region of...
Smooth Luffa Luffa cylindrica
Smooth Luffa, Sponge Gourd, Dishcloth Gourd, Vine OkraLuffas are vining annual plants that produce fruits for food and the luffa sponge. The fruits of Smooth Luffa are preferred for luffa sponges. Angled luffa, C. acutangula, is the preferred species for edible fruit.
Hot Bush Pepper Capsicum frutescens
Tobasco Pepper, Bird PepperCapsicum frutescens peppers are much more pungent than the C. annuum species and produce fruits that are erect and usually appear just above the foliage. Peppers include tabasco, bird peppers, and other chili peppers. Varieties of this species have also been selected for their ornamental...
Habanero Pepper Capsicum chinense
Habanero Pepper, Bonnet Pepper, Datil Pepper, Squash PepperCapsicum chinense or bonnet peppers are typically very hot including the hottest peppers in the world according to the Scoville scale. These include the habanero, ghost peppers, and bonnet peppers. ECHO also has a unique “Sweet” Habanero that produces peppers that are not hot, although...