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  1. Key Resource 2020-07-17 ECHO recognizes climate change as a profound reality faced by small-scale farmers. Many of our publications have focused on helping farmers cope with related challenges such as heat and drought.Increasing farmer resilience and minimizing risk have been key elements of the practices we have...  
  2. 2005-07-20 “Gray water” (also “grey water,” “graywater” or “greywater”) is the term used to describe wastewater from dish washing, laundry, bathing, and rinsing. (Note: the term gray water does not refer to toilet waste, which is often called “black water.”) Although gray water does not need extensive...  
  3. 1993-07-19 Wayne DeYoung in Haiti writes about a pump that he is sure will interest ournetwork. It was used in a water well project by Dan Cook and others in Haiti. Wayne believes that it has phenomenal value for many gardening situations along rivers or ponds or where a hand dug well is available. His...  
  4. Smallholder systems exist under a broad range of climatic conditions. There are some basic considerations, however, that applyin nearly every set of conditions. Soil and water conservation Productivity of both crops and animals depends on the availability of water and fertile soil.Where there is...  
  5. Resilience refers to the capacity for ecological systems to persist and absorb changes. Climate-change resilience encompasses a dual function, to absorb shock as well as to self-renew to cope with new circumstances. Agroforestry offers both mitigation and adaptation strategies for enhancing...  
  6. 2011-10-20 World Vision (WV) Australia is involved in both agricultural development and relief work in East Africa. We asked folks there to answer a few questions regarding the current drought and famine. In what ways have you been involved with addressing the drought and famine in the Horn of Africa? Could...  
  7. 1997-11-19 Discussion of possible disease organisms in manure. Many of us probably assume health problems originate when food is washed with contaminated water or because of poor human hygiene. However, it could also come from the use of manure as a fertilizer in the field.  
  8. 2020-10-16 How can smallholder farmers help mitigate against climate change? An article in EDN 148 described principles on which the strategies presented in this follow-up article are based. Key to any agricultural approach for dealing with climate change is dialogue with farmers, whose knowledge,...  
  9. 1999-03-19 Papaya seeds are part of traditional Ethiopian medicine for stomach worms.  
  10. 1992-06-19 Information about making a skin ointment from Moringa oleifera. Herbal applications are commonly used to treat skin infections in developing countries, although few investigations are conducted to validate scientifically their popular use. A previous study had showed that Moringa oleifera...