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  1. Key Resource 2020-07-17 ECHO recognizes climate change as a profound reality faced by small-scale farmers. Many of our publications have focused on helping farmers cope with related challenges such as heat and drought.Increasing farmer resilience and minimizing risk have been key elements of the practices we have...  
  2. Key Resource 2015-07-23 Climate change will have a huge impact on the world’s poorest people. Crop yields have already gone down in the tropics and are projected to drop by 15-30% by 2080 in Africa, South Asia, and Central America (Hoffman 2013). Some countries could reach a 50% loss of agricultural productivity; in...  
  3. Key Resource 2021-04-06 Part 2 of 4 in a series about Integrated Pest Management (IPM) Insect pests affect all forms of agricultural production, from densely planted field crops to high-value nursery plants to grains in storage. A pest management plan should start with foundational knowledge about local pest species and...  
  4. 1999-03-19 Papaya seeds are part of traditional Ethiopian medicine for stomach worms.  
  5. 2018-01-03 « Tous les africains sont éleveurs de poules » affirmait un ancien. En effet presque dans toutes les familles africaines, vous trouvez au moins une poule surtout dans nos campagnes. La poule a toujours été un fidèle compagnon de l’homme en Afrique de l’Ouest. C’est sa viande qu’on partage presqu’...  
  6. 2015-01-20 Sorghum is primarily self-pollinated, meaning that a sorghum plant will accept pollen from its own flowers. Sorghum can also accept pollen from other sorghum plants (cross-pollination) by means of wind or insect transfer. Cultivated sorghum is generally cross-pollinated between 2 and 10%, with...  
  7. 2021-04-06 If you enjoy reading ECHO Development Notes, consider also signing up to receive ECHO Asia Notes. Issues are published quarterly and content remains relevant beyond the Asia Region. You will find technical articles, research updates, network member highlights, upcoming events, how-to guides, and...
     
  8. 2012-07-01 “Push-pull” is an intercropping strategy that protects maize and other grain crops against maize stemborer insect larvae (Chilo partellus) and a parasitic weed called striga (Striga hermonthica). In eastern and southern Africa, these pests have caused huge losses in maize and sorghum yields....  
  9. 2013-01-20 Currently, seeds of all carrot varieties grown in hot sub-Saharan Africa are imported from regions with temperate climates such as Europe and USA. It has not been easy to produce carrot seeds in hot Africa, because carrots require exposure to cold temperatures (vernalization) to induce flowering....  
  10. 2014-10-20 Worldwide, the number of insect pollinators has declined sharply in recent years. Beekeepers have experienced heavy loss of honey bee colonies; in the United States, the number of managed colonies is half of what it was sixty or seventy years ago (USDA). The number of wild pollinators has also...