Plants: Garden Vegetables
Tahitian Butternut Cucurbita moschata
This winter squash has been cultivated in tropical and subtropical areas of the Americas since Pre-Colombian times. Evidence of its use has been found in archeological diggings. It is a very old variety not often available through seed companies.
Tomatillo Physalis ixocarpa
Tomatillo is a close relative of the tomato and is grown and used like tomatoes. The flowers are yellow and the ~2.5cm diameter fruit develops in a green-purple bladder like calyx resembling a Chinese lantern. The ripe fruit can be green, yellow or purple depending on the variety and can be eaten...
Tomato Solanum lycopersicum (syn. Lycopersicon esculentum)
The tomato is one of the most common garden vegetables worldwide. It is a solanaceous plant that produces fruit of various shapes, sizes and colors. Growth of tomato plants is described as either determinate or indeterminate. Determinate varieties produce compact plants that stop growing...
Tree Tomato Cyphomandra betacea
Tree tomatoes are small, half-woody, fast growing, solanaceous trees reaching 3 to 5.5 m in height that are native to South American highlands. Tree tomatoes are edible and can be consumed either as a fruit or vegetable. In the tropics, tree tomatoes do best at elevations between 1500 and 2800...
Tropical/Indian Lettuce Lactuca indica
Tropical lettuce is a fast-growing, self-seeding, upright, semi-perennial that will reach 2m in height and is very productive. Young leaves can be eaten raw, but can be bitter. Older leaves are usually steamed or boiled and served with vinegar. Tropical lettuce tolerates a variety of...
Tropical Pumpkin Cucurbita moschata
The Tropical Pumpkin originated in tropical South or Central America, possibly Peru or Mexico, and is now widely distributed throughout the tropics. Tropical pumpkins are very well adapted to hot, humid conditions and the ripe fruits can be stored for months or even a year under dry well...
Vegetable Amaranth Amaranthus tricolor., A. cruentus, A. hybridus, A. hypochondriacus
Vegetable amaranths are cultivated in hot humid regions of Africa, Asia, and the Caribbean. Several species of Amaranthus are grown for their protein-rich leaves and plant tops. The seeds of vegetable amaranths may be eaten but grain amaranth species are much better sources of seeds.
Watermelon Citrullus lanatus
Watermelon is a spreading vine producing large, fleshy fruit. Although all parts of the fruit are edible it is mainly grown for the juicy flesh which is typically red but can be yellow or pink. There are both seeded and seedless varieties.
Wax Gourd Benincasa hispida (syn. B. cerifera)
Wax gourds are vining plants that produce large, round wax-covered fruits. Originally from Southeast Asia, the species is grown in many lowland tropical environments up to 1,300 m in elevation. The long vines may be trained along trellises or up buildings where they produce fruit. Fruits are...
Caigua Cyclanthera pedata
Caigua is an Andean fruit that grows on a climbing vine similar to cucumbers. The mature fruit is hollow and is often stuffed for cooking. The immature fruits and young shoots are eaten raw and cooked.