Plants: Garden Vegetables
JalapeÑo Pepper Capsicum annuum var. annuum 'Jalapeño'
Peppers are recorded as cultivated in Bolivia and Meso-America ca. 16th century. Christopher Columbus recorded the use of “a vegetable called agi´ …employed to give a sharp taste to the fish and such birds as they can catch…” (ca.1494). Jalapeño is a...
Okra Abelmoschus esculentus (L.) Moench.
Okra is an upright, herbaceous, and somewhat woody annual that can reach 2-4 m in height. It produces yellow flowers with purple centers. Due to the wide distribution of Okra around the world, its origin is uncertain. It was first grown in tropical Asia or Africa.
Onion Allium cepa L
Onion is a hardy biennial from southern parts of Russia and Iran. It was disseminated by the Indo-European peoples during their numerous migrations. Very ancient forms of Onion are still for sale in Middle Eastern markets.
Rhubarb Rheum rhabarbarum
Although Rhubarb has been known in China as a medicinal plant for more than 4500 years, the exact origin is not known. Rhubarb is most likely indigenous to south-eastern Russia or Siberia.
Snake Gourd Trichosanthes cucumerina (syn. T. anguina)
It is generally believed that Snake Gourd was domesticated in India from the wild species still found in India and other parts of Southeast Asia and portions of Australia. Most gourd specialists agree that Trichosanthes cucumerina and T. anguina are the same species. One authority recommends that...
Sugar Pod Peas Pisum sativum var. saccharatum
Peas are among the oldest cultivated plants. Carbonized seed remains have been identified as being 7,000 to 9,000 years old. The edible pod forms are thought to be of recent development. The Middle East and Mediterranean Basin are possible area of origin.
Sunflower Helianthus annuus
In North America, Sunflower is grown in the Great Plains region of the United States and adjacent Canada. Traditionally, Russia has been the leading sunflower producer. Argentina is another world leader in Sunflower production.
Sweet Pepper Capsicum annuum
Varieties of Capsicum are recorded as being a cultivated crop of Bolivia and Central America for thousands of years. The Sweet Pepper, a non-pungent variety, contains a recessive gene which has diminished the capsaicin alkaloid, the substance which makes the chile pepper taste “hot”....
Tomatillo, Jam Berry, Mexican Husk Tomato Physalis ixocarpa
The origin is believed to be in Mexico and Central America. Used by the Mayan and Aztecs, it is still cultivated throughout the Central Americas. They are also cultivated in the United States, India, Australia and South Africa. It is a close relative of the tomato and is used and grown like...
Tomato Solanum lycopersicum (syn. Lycopersicon esculentum)
The Tomato originated in South America as a weed in fields of corn but was domesticated in Mexico and Central America; from there it spread around the globe.